Unified English Braille (UEB)

Unified English Braille (UEB) is a braille code developed by the International Council on English Braille (ICEB) to bring together several existing Braille codes into one unified code. This includes the literary code, mathematics code and computer code

UEB has been adopted in all the major English speaking countries including the USA, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Nigeria and South Africa. In October 2011, UKAAF decided to adopt UEB as the official braille code in the United Kingdom. UKAAF is working hard to facilitate the transition from Standard English Braille (SEB) to UEB and will be continually adding to the information and resources on this page

UEB Rulebook and Supporting Guidelines

UEB rule book – The International UEB rulebook available as a pdf file or (NEW) as a fully navigable pdf file with clickable links or as a formatted braille file. A paper copy of the rule book is also available for purchase from the RNIB for £19.95. To order please phone 0303 1239999 and quote TC21419P for the print version and TC21419B for the braille version or order either the print UEB rule book or the braille UEB rule book on line

Guidelines for technical material in UEB – Guidance for transcribers wanting to produce maths science and computer notation in UEB, available as pdf, word or formatted braille file. A paper copy of the Guidelines are available for purchase from the RNIB for £9.95. To order please phone 0303 1239999 and quote TC21425P for the print version and TC21425B for the braille version or order either the print Guidelines for technical material or the braille Guidelines for technical material on line

Foreign Language Guidelines – a UKAAF guide which gives comprehensive advice on the different approaches to use when transcribing foreign languages into UEB including an agreed approach for school text books and state exams

Maths guidelines – A UKAAF guide which gives comprehensive advice on the approach to use when transcribing maths into UEB, specifically for school text books and state exams.  (For some useful maths practice exercises please see the Training and Resources section below)

Music guidelines – which summarise and clarify the impact of the implementation of UEB on music braille transcription

Background Information and News

UEB video – a 3 minute Presentation giving background information and benefits of using UEB

UEB booklet – A downloadable booklet entitled ‘UEB, what’s it all about?’

UEB exam timetable V9 – A timetable showing when state exams will be available in UEB and when the provision of exams in SEB will cease.

UEB Updates– copies of the termly updates sent out to the UEB mailing list, highlighting new developments and resources. To receive further editions of the UEB update by email please send your details to admin@ukaaf.org

UEB FAQ – Some common questions about UEB produced when UEB had recently been adopted (in October 2011)

A customer query on UEB – a braille user asks some questions of UKAAF on the introduction of UEB

Training and Resources

UEB update course – designed for transcribers and teachers already familiar with standard English braille, this document summarises the key points from the UEB update course which was presented across the country recently. The sections highlight an area that has changed and then gives a set of related practice exercises and the answers

UEB Maths Practice exercises – taken from the Technical UEB course delivered by RNIB in 2014/15, this document gives a series of practice maths exercises in print followed by their UEB equivalent. The braille version describes the maths exercises in words followed by the UEB version

Mailing lists – Mailing list for people who might have coding queries about UEB

One day training courses are provided by RNIB for people who want to upgrade their skills from SEB to UEB in both literary and technical subjects. Further details are provided on the RNIB website

UEB primer – The UEB primer is now available to purchase from RNIB for £9.90. To order a copy please phone 0303 1239999 and quote TC21423LP for the large print version, TC21423B for the braille version and TC21423P for the standard print version or order the primer on line

UEB quick reference guide (braille) – This document is designed to summarise the major changes in UEB on one sheet of A4 braille paper so that producers can easily emboss and include it with books and magazines when they first send them out in UEB. The characters are printed in braille order. A paper braille copy of the this document is available free of charge from RNIB customer services. Please phone 0303 123 9999 and quote TC 21428 for the uncontracted version and TC 21427 for the contracted version

UEB quick reference guide (print) This document is the same as the braille version but the characters are listed in an order which makes more sense to print users

UEB summary – This document summarises the differences between Standard English Braille and UEB, this document is available in versions for both contracted and uncontracted braille user. A paper braille of this document is available free of charge from RNIB customer services. Please phone 0303 123 9999 and quote 25258802 for the contracted version and 25258803 for the uncontracted version

UEB symbols list – which includes vertical and diagonal line segments and all directly assigned shape symbols (This is now available as part of the 2013 Rulebook)

UEB wallchart – Duxbury systems provide a handy wall chart summarising the UEB code (make sure you download the last chart that is offered)

UEB podcasts – Describing Unified English Braille: a series of 6 podcasts, produced by RNIB, each less than 10 minutes long covering different aspects of UEB (contractions, punctuation, measuring and money)


You can obtain a sample of UEB (30 braille pages long) by calling RNIB helpline on 0303 123 9999 and quoting the number 25187402. You may download the following sample material which shows various aspects of UEB. The samples are provided as PDF files for viewing onscreen and embossable braille (38 cells by 25 lines)

International Resources

Please note that all training resources in this section take their starting point as the braille code used previous to UEB which may not have been Standard English Braille.