Minimum Standards for Producing braille
UKAAF produce a set of minimum standards for producing a range of accessible formats including braille
Braille coding standards
This page contains a list of published standards for braille in the UK. Unified English Braille was only implemented in the UK in 2015. As such there is still a lot of braille available in the original Standard English Braille. You can find information on SEB in the Standards Archive
If you have any questions about braille rules, please feel free to contact UKAAF and we will try and assist. You may also find the braille mailing lists helpful.
Note: if you are accessing electronic print versions, you may need the Windows TrueType braille font used to show braille cells. If you do not have this already, the font can be downloaded from www.duxburysystems.com/freeware.asp#fonts.
Unified English Braille (UEB)
All information about UEB is on the UEB page.
Unified Welsh Braille (UWB)
UWB has been developed to reflect the changes made to the English braille code by the implementation of UEB.
- Unified Welsh Braille Code, DOC file (in Welsh)
- Unified Welsh Braille Code, DOC file (in English)
- Unified Welsh Braille Code, embossable braille file (in Welsh) 38C x 25L
- Unified Welsh Braille Code, embossable braille file (in English) 38C x 25L
Unified Irish Braille (UIB)
Our colleagues at Irish National Braille and Alternative Format Association (INBAF) have developed and maintain the braille code for the Irish language. For further information on the code please visit their website page www.inbaf.ie/uib
There is no formal code for Scottish Gaelic. The suggested format is uncontracted Unified English Braille, using the appropriate accented letters
UKAAF has prepared some Guiding Principles on the Presentation of Braille to ensure that basic braille being produced in the UK can be read easily by braille users. Topics include headings, paragraphs, notes and basic tables. Examples are included:
- Presentation guidelines, PDF
- Presentation guidelines, DOC file
- Presentation guidelines, embossable braille 38C x 27L
International Phonetic Alphabet
The International Phonetic Alphabet Braille Code – This is now an internationally agreed code published by ICEB, updated 2008. The IPA Braille Code is available from here.
Braille Chess code and layout
The Braille Music Code is an internationally agreed standard.
The “New International Manual of Braille Music Notation” (revised in 1996) compiled by Bettye Krolick, published by SVB, Amsterdam, 1997, ISBN: 90 – 9009269 – 2. , is a full guide to the current braille music code for reference purposes.
- New International Manual of Braille Music Notation – PDF
- New International Manual of Braille Music Notation – Doc
- New International Manual of Braille Music Notation – embossable braille 38C x 27L
You can also visit www.rnib.org.uk/braillemusic from where there is a link to braille music tutor books and details for purchase and loan.